Myopia

 

Also known as short-sightedness.

It causes distant objects to appear blurred and near ones to be seen clearly.

Common signs

 

  • Difficulty focusing on road signs and number plates whilst driving

  • Difficulty seeing faces

  • Sitting close to the TV

  • Headaches or tired eyes

  • Regular eye rubbing

  • Children – sitting close to the board at school

  • Squinting eyes to see objects in the distance

 

Your optometrist can test your eyes and prescribe glasses or contact lenses specific to your needs. This will usually take the form of a concave, minus powered lens, which allows the image to move onto the retina, enabling you to see clearly.

Hyperopia

 

This means long sightedness.

You may be able to see objects further away, however objects closer would be out of focus or difficult to see.

In long sightedness, the image is formed behind the retina

Common signs

  • Tired eyes after reading, writing or doing computer work

  • Burning or aching eyes whilst doing close work

  • Headaches whilst doing close work

  • Having to squint whilst looking at close object

If a child has long sightedness, and it is not diagnosed early, it can cause them to have difficulty reading and over-focusing, which can cause double vision or a lazy eye.  Lazy eye refers to when the vision in the eye reduces, causing one eye to dominate.

Your optometrist can test your eyes and prescribe glasses or contact lenses specific to your needs. This will usually take the form of a convex, plus powered lens, which allows the image to move onto the retina, enabling you to see clearly.

ASTIGMATISM

Astigmatism occurs when the cornea or lens is not spherical shaped.  Light from an object doesn’t form on the retina, but instead at two separate points, causing blurred or distorted vision.  Most people who wear glasses have some form of astigmatism.

In most cases astigmatism is present from birth, however it can develop from an eye injury. It can also develop after a complication of eye surgery or corneal scar.

Common signs

  • Headaches whilst driving or watching TV

  • Difficulty focusing on objects at any distance

  • Regular eyestrain

  • Tired eyes

In most cases astigmatism can be corrected using prescription glasses or specially designed ‘toric’ contact lenses.

Presbyopia

This is the most common eye condition that affects everyone over time. It is when your eyes lose the ability to focus on close objects like when reading and using the computer.

Common signs

  • Difficulty seeing close up, people often complain their arms are not long enough!

  • Eye strain whilst doing close work

  • Blurry vision whilst looking at close objects like, reading and the computer

  • Headaches and tiredness

Click here to see how easily presbyopia can be corrected with  prescription lenses or contact lenses to suit your both your lifestyle and needs.

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